Concussions: everything you need to know
A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that occurs when there is a force to the head, through direct impact or specific movements of the body.
A concussion occurs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, resulting in symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, and fatigue. After an assessment by a physician and physiotherapist, concussions can be treated with a tailored exercise and rehabilitation program and are usually treated for 3 to 4 weeks or until fully recovered. Some simple ways to help prevent a concussion include wearing a helmet when riding a bike and playing sports, using appropriate footwear to avoid falls, and wearing a seatbelt when in a motor vehicle.
What are the symptoms of a concussion?
During a concussion, the brain is jolted and pushed up against the skull causing damage and bruising.
If you have sustained a concussion, you might experience symptoms such as:
- Sensitivity to light and noise
- Difficulties with memory and attention
What causes a concussion?
Concussions occur when you experience some sort of unexpected or unintentional impact to the head. This can range from high impact collisions in football or motor vehicle collisions to a slip and fall on an icy sidewalk, and can occur without any direct contact to the head.
The most common causes of a concussion include:
- Slips and Falls Motor Vehicle Accidents
- Sports Injuries (most common in rugby, ice hockey, American football, lacrosse, and soccer)
- Violence and Assaults