How do you fix Osgood-Schlatter disease?
Osgood-Schlatter disease is an injury caused by overuse of the knee, commonly seen in growing and active adolescents. Symptoms can include knee pain and swelling, as well as the forming of a bony bump below the kneecap
Osgood-Schlatter is normally seen in adolescents that play sports involving repeated running, jumping, and twisting. To treat Osgood-Schlatter disease, physiotherapists work with patients to build strength and capacity in the muscles and tendons surrounding the knee.
Since Osgood-Schlatter disease is an injury caused by overload, the best way to prevent it from occurring is to implement rest into your routine or supplement certain sports training with strength training.
What are the symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease?
Osgood-Schlatter disease, also known as OSD, occurs when the patellar ligament in the knee is inflamed, sometimes presenting as a painful bony bump below the kneecap.
People with Osgood-Schlatter disease often experience these symptoms:
- Knee pain (especially felt when walking, running, kneeling, or jumping)
- Knee swelling
- Tender bump below the kneecap
How does Osgood-Schlatter disease happen?
Osgood-Schlatter disease sometimes occurs as a result of a large increase in training or workload in a short period of time. This disease most often affects young athletes that are still growing, primarily those who play sports that involve jumping and running.
As children and adolescents grow and participate in activities, their thigh muscles will begin to pull on the tendon that connects their kneecap to their growth plate. If this stress on the bone growth plate continues to occur, the child may develop Osgood-Schlatter disease and experience pain and swelling, as well as develop a bony lump below the kneecap.
Some common causes of Osgood-Schlatter disease include:
- Overuse in sports that involve running, jumping, and twisting
- Growth spurts